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Mandarin Go | The differences between"会huì”and能“néng”


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1. 会 huì

能愿动词“会”用在动词前表示通过学习而获得某种能力,它的否定式是“不会”。例如:
The modal verb“会”is used before a verb, indicating acquiring an ability through learning. Its negative form is“不会”. For example:
我会写汉字。
Wǒ huì xiě Hànzì.
I can write Chinese characters.
我不会做中国菜。
Wǒ bú huì zuò Zhōngguó cài.
I can't cook Chinese food.
你妈妈会说汉语吗?
Nǐ māma huì shuō Hànyǔ ma?
Can your mother speak Chinese?
我会开车。
Wǒ huì kāichē. 
I can drive.

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2. 能 néng

能愿动词“能”一般用在动词前,与动词整体做谓语,表示一种能力或者可能。“能”还常用于疑问句式“能......吗?”中,表示请求、希望获得许可。例如:

The modal verv“能” is usually used before a verb to form the predicate indicating an ability or a possibity. The interrogative sentence structure“能......吗?”is often used to indicate a request or hope for peimission. For example:

明天下午我能去商店。

Míngtiān xiàwǔ wǒ néng qù shāngdiàn.

 I can go to the store tomorrow afternoon.
你能在这儿写你的名字吗?
Nǐ néng zài zhèr xiě nǐ de míngzi ma?
Can you write your name here?
我能坐这儿吗?
Wǒ néng zuò zhèr ma?
Can I sit here?

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我能进来吗?

Wǒ néng jìnlái ma ?

May I come in?

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